Explores the relationship between intrusion and avoidance symptoms as described in the diagnostic category in the DSM-IV and frequency and level of exposure to traumatogenic events. The effects of lay counselling after the event were taken into account in the analysis, which investigated First National Bank employees who were exposed to more than one robbery between 1989 and 1992. The study examines whether an increasing number of exposures to potentially traumatogenic events and increasing levels of exposure to potentially traumatogenic events are related to the development of avoidant and intrusion symptoms. The scale used to measure the symptoms was the Impact of Events Scale. Level of exposure was measured as either extreme exposure with physical injury, direct threat and confrontation, indirect contact with the perpetrators, and indirect exposure, or secondary victimisation. The results indicate that level of exposure had a significant relationship with the development of both intrusion and avoidance symptoms. Contrary to expectations, frequency of exposure was not found to be related to symptomology and it is speculated that this may be because of the crudeness of the measure. The results indicate that post trauma counselling was not significantly related to symptomology. The implications of these findings are discussed in the light of the general literature on PTSD.
|Degree Type||Masters degree|