Relations between the Boer Republics in South Africa and the U.S.A. were cordial enough in the beginning but soon deteriorated as a result of a number of incidents. In South Africa it was to a large extent the Uitlander population, rapidly growing in numbers since the discovery of gold in the S.A.R., that had a negative influence on these relations. In world politics, rapprochement between the U.S.A. and Great Britain indirectly influenced relations between the Boer Republics and the U.S., with the result that the forming and development of a policy in Washington towards the British-Boer conflict soon took on a definite pro-British character. However, at the outbreak of the war in South Africa at the end of 1899, the majority of Americans were pro-Boer. Even before the commencement of hostilities the Boer Republics tried to persuade Washington to act as mediator or arbitrator in order to prevent the War. These efforts to promote American intervention were pursued throughout the war and the Boers based their appeals mainly on the terms of the Hague Peace Convention of 1899. The extensive pro-Boer campaign in the U.S.A. was to a large extent also aimed at influencing the American administration to act on behalf of the Boers. A number of American officials became involved in this campaign. The American government, however, managed to withstand the pressure on its policy regarding the war in South Africa. More than one factor was responsible for this attitude of which the influence of the pro-British American Secretary of State was perhaps the most important. There were, moreover, certain very important issues at stake which made Anglo-American friendship imperative. Even acceptance of the presidency in September 1901 by Theodore Roosevelt did not result in any significant change in policy, although with the closing of the war at the end of May 1902 everything seemed to point towards a possible intervention by the U.S.A.
|Alternative Title||Arbitration or mediation? The role of the United States of America in the Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902|
|Degree Type||Doctoral degree|
|Degree Description||D Litt et Phil|