The government’s riot control responses at the time of the Sharpeville and the Soweto uprisings became catalysts for the ANC to consider a strategy of armed resistance. The ANC’s armed struggle evolved through different phases. While it embraced sabotage in 1961, it progressed to what was termed “people’s war” in 1985. These phases are described, assessed and compared in the African context. The implications of the ANC’s ties with the SACP are indicated, especially in the context of East bloc links and Soviet support for the armed struggle. After its banning, the ANC became an exiled organisation, but through the establishment of the UDF, the ANC succeeded in re-establishing itself internally. The ANC also became a more radical organisation as indicated in the policies it adopted at its 1985 Kabwe Conference. International pressure and domestic conditions led to a negotiated transition away from minority rule and apartheid and the acceptance of a democratic framework. Part of this process was that the ANC suspended its armed struggle in response to the unbanning of the ANC. Reference is also made to the financial burden the armed struggle imposed, making the cost of not negotiating exceedingly high. Throughout this thesis, reference is made and comparisons are drawn between the ANC and other African liberation movements’ armed struggles. This was done in order to gain an African perspective on the ANC’s armed struggle.
|Subject 2||Political science|
|Degree Type||Masters degree|